Egypt - Egypt - Government and society: Egypt has operated under several constitutions, both as a monarchy and, after 1952, as a republic. A grand deception lies at the heart of Egypt’s miraculous economic recovery, and its architects are the government of General-turned-President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and the International Monetary Fund. He and his circle of Middle East despots are now tethered together. Egypt's civil liberties have been called into question several times since the January 25 Revolution. Reduce the deficit, the thinking runs, and you’ll qualify for our loans. A broken U.S. public sphere, QAnon’s resilience amid disappointment, and how to eavesdrop on policymaking conversations. These are informed by rigorous analysis of the key constraints to both poverty reduction and … Only a small cabal of figures at the highest level of government benefit. And when the IMF did question Egypt’s capacity to meet its interest repayments, Sisi simply went to the international money markets for capital, relying on the IMF’s willingness to provide a multitude of loans to reassure new investors of the Egyptian economy’s stability. EGYPT 2019 HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT EXECUTIVE SUMMARY According to its constitution, Egypt is a republic governed by an elected president and unicameral legislature. Long known for its ancient civilisation, Egypt is the largest Arab country and has played a central role in Middle Eastern politics in modern times. He served in Egypt’s last democratically elected government. According to the draft, Gross domestic product is expected to hit about LE 6.163 trillion in 2019/2020 budget, compared with the expected LE 5.256 trillion of the current fiscal year. In a report published by the World Bank in April 2019, it was calculated that “some 60% of Egypt’s population is either poor or vulnerable.” Overall living … News. Religious freedom conditions in Egypt are trending tentatively in a positive direction. This information is shared with social media, sponsorship, analytics, and other vendors or service providers. Comprehensive list of National Public Holidays that are celebrated in Egypt during 2019 with dates and information on the origin and meaning of holidays. Every economic reform, effectively enacted by Sisi at the IMF’s request, places a greater burden on those who can endure it least. Egypt’s Economy Isn’t Booming. Egypt's economy is one of the key motivators of unrest. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Egypt Government 2020 information contained here. The budget deficit is anticipated to hit 7.2 percent of GDP, down from 8.4 percent of 2018/2019, announcing that the government will allow new borrowing of LE 445.1 billion in the next fiscal … Most recently, Egypt issued a law limiting preaching at mosques to graduates of Al-Azhar University. One investment bank called Egypt’s apparent recovery the “most attractive reform story” in the Middle East, Africa, and Eastern Europe. Browse the list of issues and latest articles from Current Issues in Tourism. Egypt current travel events, news, and media reports in Egypt. Every year, Amnesty International evaluates the human rights situation in countries around the world. Sisi’s military dictatorship has a hold on businesses that goes far beyond even the most flagrant protectionist rackets of former dictator Hosni Mubarak. The current-account deficit, which bottomed out at $19.8bn three years ago, was $6bn last year (see chart). Abdel Fattah al-Sisi is bringing a new form of totalitarianism to Egypt. “I know,” declared Sisi, “that the Egyptian people can endure more.”. List of issues Latest articles Partial Access; Volume 23 2020 Volume 22 2019 Volume 21 2018 Volume 20 2017 Volume 19 2016 Volume 18 2015 Volume 17 2014 Volume 16 2013 Volume 15 2012 Volume 14 2011 Volume 13 2010 Volume 12 2009 In a country of 100 million people on the shores of the Mediterranean, such meager spending on health, education, and infrastructure is alarming, and it should alarm those in Europe, too. Security forces responded with tear gas, rubber bullets and live bullets and, as of 23 October 2019, 4300 arbitrary arrests … A referendum approved the amendments. Economic Woes Freedom House cites "corruption, mismanagement, political unrest and terrorism" as reasons for Egypt's severe economic issues. According to its constitution, Egypt is a republic governed by an elected president and unicameral legislature. Stay up to date and learn about key human rights issues in Egypt. A global body has helped poorer nations counter COVID-19, but less technologically advanced countries need a similar institution to protect against the coming plague of cyberattacks. current edition: US edition News ... Fri 27 Sep 2019 12.50 EDT First published on Fri 27 Sep 2019 09.13 EDT. Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC) - represents the roughly 150,000 Inuits of Alaska, Canada, Greenland, and Russia in international environmental issues; a General Assembly convenes every three years to determine the focus of the ICC; the most current concerns are long-range transport of pollutants, sustainable development, and climate change. The government currently allocates 38 percent of its entire budget merely to pay off the interest on its outstanding debt. Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan made a commitment to resolving a dispute over a large Ethiopian-led dam project after US-led talks on Wednesday. Egypt has also failed to meet IMF benchmarks on submitting an automatic fuel-price-index mecha­nism and outlining plans to sell state-owned enterprises. While sizable, these reserves are made up of borrowed money and constitute an external debt, all the while artificially bloating the size and stability of the Egyptian economy. Egypt’s 2014 Demographic and Health Survey recorded a globally unprecedented 17 percent increase in the country’s total fertility rate since 2008. This is but the first step on a narrowing road toward total state failure. And so the subsidies on which many of Egypt’s poorest depend to survive are taken from them. A grand deception lies at the heart of Egypt’s miraculous economic recovery, and its architects are the government of General-turned-President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and the International Monetary Fund. This is the case in Egypt, where the government has provided no safety nets whatsoever. The 2019 Egyptian protests consisted of protests by over two thousand people in Cairo, Alexandria, Damietta and other cities on 20, 21 and 27 September 2019 in which the protestors called for President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi to be removed from power. It assumes that autocrats and strongmen such as Sisi, who over the past five years has shown nothing but contempt for his people, actually value the welfare of their citizens as much as the interests of the ruling elite. But international perceptions matter less than those of the civilian population. Ryan Broderick, Sarah LeTrent and BuzzFeed/CNN. 7 January 2019. So long as Egyptians have a government that mishandles public finances, it cannot expect to see the economic policies needed to bring Egypt back from the brink. U.S. citizens in Egypt should maintain a high level of vigilance throughout the country due to the threat of terrorism. Presidential elections were held in March 2018. It’s Collapsing. Egypt is located at the Northeastern corner of Africa and covers a total land area of about 1,001,450sq.km (about 6,000sq.km of which is covered by water) with a coastline of about 2,450km. 8 issues Egypt is facing. The government’s chronic mismanagement of public finances and overall negligence has caused external debt to rise nearly fivefold, due to depreciation of the Egyptian pound, in the past five years and public debt to more than double—and this is expected to continue for the foreseeable future. The country has seen a decrease in radical Islamist violence and anti-Christian mob attacks, some progress in implementing the registration process for unlicensed churches and related buildings, and the launch of a government program to address religious intolerance in rural areas. The COVID-19 pandemic in Egypt is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).The virus was confirmed to have reached Egypt on 14 February 2020. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Egypt Government 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page. The Sisi government continues to borrow to fund vain and extravagant infrastructure projects. In doing so, they consolidate their power and continue to asphyxiate the country. You may click on “Your Choices” below to learn about and use cookie management tools to limit use of cookies when you visit NPR’s sites. Candlelit vigil for victims of 2011 Maspero protests via flickr Meanwhile, the International Monetary Fund has a lot to answer for. But faced with the choice of cutting public spending, government salaries, or interest on loan repayments, which together comprise the government’s main expenses, it is obvious which Sisi will choose. Other challenges remain, as well. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Egypt Transnational Issues 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page. A continued contraction in exports is set to weigh heavily on overall growth, while decelerating private consumption and public spending should also contribute to the … Egypt’s Economy Isn’t Booming. When a country begins to fail, it is only a matter of time before the people take matters into their own hands or start to look for somewhere else to call home. With Sisi at the helm, the so-called hottest emerging market and global investment destination is heading toward the edge of an abyss. If the current trend continues, Egypt will soon be bankrupt. Significant human rights issues included: ... One local NGO documented 336 enforced disappearances between August 2018 and August 2019 and nearly 500 since August 2019. Investors are flooding into the country in the hope of making a fortune in Egypt’s capital markets; in December 2018 foreign holdings of local debt were up more than 20 percent on the previous year, with this trend set to continue in 2019. In these circumstances, economic decisions are taken with scant regard for the interests of the people. According to Al-Monitor, Egypt's economy is "trapped" in a "vicious cycle of IMF debts." Egypt, the most populous country in the Arab world, claims one of the world’s oldest cultures, descending from an ancient civilization that emerged in … And so the subsidies on which many of Egypt’s poorest depend to survive are taken from them. Bob Gersony was a mostly anonymous U.S. diplomat—and his country’s best model for creating change in the world. The solution to this problem begins with politics. The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003, but the transmission has been significantly … The Arab Republic of Egypt or \"Egypt\" for short, is one of the most historically rich countries in the world. drafting of Egypt’s 2014 Constitution represented a milestone for the country and the prospect of a more secure future for all its citizens, regardless of faith, ethnicity or gender. Access the latest politics analysis and economic growth summary through 2011 for Egypt from The Economist Intelligence Unit That document laid the political and cultural groundwork for modern Egypt, declaring it an … You can adjust your cookie choices in those tools at any time. On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.. Thus every economic reform, effectively enacted by Sisi at the IMF’s request, places a greater burden on those who can endure it least. Egypt police ‘using dating apps’ to find and imprison LGBT+ people. Middle East. If the current trend continues, Egypt will soon be bankrupt. The country has seen a decrease in radical Islamist violence and anti-Christian mob attacks, some progress in implementing the registration process for unlicensed churches and related buildings, and the launch of a government program to address religious intolerance in rural areas. By mid-1980, two-thirds of the Sinai had been transferred back to Egypt, but Sadat halted further talks with Israel in Aug. 1980 because of continued Israeli settlement of the West Bank. Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi meets with Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund Christine Lagarde in Hangzhou, China, on Sept. 3, 2016. Political news headlines, in-depth politics coverage and political opinion, plus breaking news on Egypt, Africa, MENA region, and world affairs. Presidential elections were held in March 2018. And it will be Europe, which, in the name of pragmatism, has allowed Sisi to thrive. Egypt’s economy is only collapsing if the definition of an economic collapse is when a country has managed to cut its current account deficit from more than 5 … If you click “Agree and Continue” below, you acknowledge that your cookie choices in those tools will be respected and that you otherwise agree to the use of cookies on NPR’s sites. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Egypt Transnational Issues 2020 information contained here. 8 issues Egypt is facing. In 2019, much will depend on the fate of US President Donald Trump himself. But notwithstanding a number of important provisions, covering key issues such as church construction, the resettlement of displaced Nubians and Public debt-to-GDP ratio – estimated at 84.9% in 2019 - improved considerably to fall below 100% and should maintain a declining trend in the coming years along with the continuation of fiscal consolidation and nominal GDP growth. If it tumbles into the bottomless gloom, it is not just the Egyptian people who will suffer. Syria’s longtime Foreign Minister al-Moallem dies age 79. SECURITY & SAFETY: For UK residents, the FCO's current warning state is at FCO for visitors to Egypt and varies across the country with the Sinai generally being at a higher risk level and urging Britons against travel to the Sinai region, after a recent spate of militant attacks. When a country begins to fail, it is only a matter of time before the people take matters into their own hands or start to look for somewhere else to call home. The Greatest Humanitarian You’ve Never Heard Of, Our Amazing Clean Energy Future Has Arrived, Navalny Protests Sweep Russia as Kremlin Cries U.S. The three focus areas remain highly relevant to the country’s long-term development strategy. It’s Collapsing. As a political entity, Sisi’s government is already losing legitimacy in the international arena thanks to widespread reports of election-tampering, both in Sisi’s election to the presidency and the recent referendum on constitutional change. The three nations issued a … Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan made a commitment to resolving a dispute over a large Ethiopian-led dam project after US-led talks on Wednesday. The pact ended 30 years of war and established diplomatic and commercial relations. drafting of Egypt’s 2014 Constitution represented a milestone for the country and the prospect of a more secure future for all its citizens, regardless of faith, ethnicity or gender. The IMF’s approach operates on the assumption that maximizing growth and minimizing the deficit will result in the best possible outcome for the country and those who live in it. According to data by the Central Bank of Egypt, tourism revenues increased by 28.2% in FY 2019/2018, to reach USD 12.570 billion. Syria’s longtime Foreign Minister al-Moallem dies age 79. The impact of the mass migration that began when Libya became a failed state was clear to all who cared to pay attention. The Egypt 2015-2019 CPF focuses on improving opportunities for private sector led job creation, social inclusion and improving governance. Despite some early signs of progress in a number of areas, one thing is clear: We are currently not on track to meet our goals or targets by 2030. It will be Africa. The World Bank Group’s current engagement with Egypt is guided by its Country Partnership Framework (CPF) 2015–19 and Performance and Learning Review (PLR), which have resulted in the extension of the CPF to 2021 and which focus on fighting poverty and inequality. The last ten years have seen forms of political disruption within Egypt that were virtually unimaginable a decade ago—from the 2011 protest uprisings; the 2012 election of Muslim Brotherhood candidate Mohammed Morsi to the Egyptian presidency; the 2013 coup d’état which unseated Morsi; and the 2014 formal assumption of power by current Egyptian president Abdel … Between December 2018 and May 2019, terrorist incidents in tourist areas in greater Cairo killed four tourists and wounded at least 18 others. Argument: Egypt’s Economy Isn’t Booming. Background. NPR’s sites use cookies, similar tracking and storage technologies, and information about the device you use to access our sites (together, “cookies”) to enhance your viewing, listening and user experience, personalize content, personalize messages from NPR’s sponsors, provide social media features, and analyze NPR’s traffic. Overpopulation and its impact on a range of health Egypt’s Economy Isn’t Booming. current situation: Egypt is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor; Egyptian children, including the large population of street children are vulnerable to forced labor in domestic service, begging and agriculture or may be victims of sex trafficking or child sex tourism, which occurs in Cairo, … ... the whistleblower who sparked rare street protests in Egypt … Egypt is a country more than 15 times the size; the repercussions of its failing would be so dramatic as to be almost unimaginable. An official statistica… With foreign aid falling to around $63.2 million in FY 2019, Cairo will have to service this debt on its own; interest payments are currently slated to skyrocket 42%. Updated 4:02 PM EDT, Wed July 10, 2013 Story highlights. With foreign aid falling to around $63.2 million in FY 2019, Cairo will have to service this debt on its own; interest payments are currently slated to skyrocket 42%. By giving in on aid, Washington just lost its leverage in Cairo. Yet most ordinary Egyptians can barely afford cooking oil. But all this obscures a darker reality. Financing health care in Egypt: Current issues and options for Egypt and Israel signed a formal peace treaty on March 26, 1979. The lion’s share of Egypt’s public resources, in other words, goes to facilitating payments on debt rather than strengthening and supporting civil society. 2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues: More unsettling is the fact that the IMF is not asking Sisi’s government to provide them. 2019 will be a test to see how these new efforts take root. Challengers to the incumbent President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi pulled out ahead of the Updated 4:02 PM EDT, Wed July 10, 2013 Story highlights. If that government fails to provide basic services to the people it purports to serve—all the while continuing its regime of repression and cruelty—it will have shown its utter inability to govern in even the most basic way as well. Egypt remains one of the worst jailers of journalists in the world with roughly 20 journalists behind bars. This cannot last; the very foundations of the economy are faulty. The Egypt Education Reform Project, a five-year program funded by USAID, addresses these issues through an integrated approach that combines community mobilization, nonformal education such as life skills and literacy training, school construction, teacher training, and girls' scholarships while ensuring effective leadership and participation on Over 100,000 Russians took to the streets across the country on Saturday, heeding a call from detained activist Alexei Navalny. Every three months, the authorities extended the state of emergency, in force since April 2017, thereby circumventing the constitutional six-month limit. Egypt has also failed to meet IMF benchmarks on submitting an automatic fuel-price-index mecha­nism and outlining plans to sell state-owned enterprises. The Egyptian government in 2019 passed constitutional amendments that were approved in an unfair referendum in April. Current account deficit was forecast at 3.6% for 2019 and is expected to further decline in 2020 (4.3%) and 2021 (4.5% - IMF). The Lede is following events in Egypt, where its military rulers ousted President Mohamed Morsi on Wednesday and moved to devise an interim government. Yehia Hamed is Egypt’s former minister of investment. Interference, The Rise and Fall and Rise (and Fall) of the U.S. Financial Empire, Navalny Is All-In on Bringing Down Putinism. Wed 20 Nov 2019 09.28 EST Last modified on Wed 20 Nov 2019 12.09 EST. The official unemployment rate, after reaching its highest level in the past 11 years in 2015, has been declining slowly since then and fell to around 8.6% at the end of 2019. This is a natural upshot of the IMF’s overt politicization: The IMF provides loans on the condition that the recipients of those loans address the balance-of-payments problem, stabilize the economy, and thereby restore economic growth. Perspectives November 21, 2019 To Protect Religious Freedom in Egypt, Ease Authoritarian Restrictions Egypt's current legal system punishes independent advocacy and perpetuates chronic abuses. Overpopulation and its impact on a range of health issues threaten Egypt’s journey to self-reliance. The three nations issued a … Bond sales are oversubscribed. Egypt reopened its airspace to Qatari flights on Tuesday and will allow the resumption of air traffic between the two countries as part of a thaw in relations with the Gulf state, officials said. It’s Collap... Egyptian Presidency Press Office/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images. Political news headlines, in-depth politics coverage and political opinion, plus breaking news on Egypt, Africa, MENA region, and world affairs. Egypt Economic Growth In FY 2021—which runs from July 2020 to June 2021—the economy is projected to slow further due to the ongoing effect of the pandemic and a weak external environment. ... About sharing. How can it be, then, that Egypt’s economic outlook appears to be so rosy? Faced with the choice of cutting public spending, government salaries, or interest on loan repayments, it is obvious which Sisi will choose. Ryan Broderick, Sarah LeTrent and BuzzFeed/CNN. An example of this exaggeration can be seen in Egypt’s foreign currency reserves of more than $40 billion. Travel to the Libyan and Sudanese borders is also not recommended. Investors call Egypt the world’s hottest emerging market. close. See details. The government ended fuel subsidies in July. Egypt drops inquiry into murder of Italian student Giulio Regeni Prosecutors reject Italy’s finding that Egyptian security officials were behind kidnap and torture Published: 30 Dec 2020 Under Sisi’s iron fist, only one candidate is allowed to run. 2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues: But notwithstanding a number of important provisions, covering key issues such as church construction, the resettlement of displaced Nubians and In a report published by the World Bank in April 2019, it was calculated that “some 60% of Egypt’s population is either poor or vulnerable.” Overall living conditions, meanwhile, are sliding rapidly. The IMF has manipulated the structure of the Egyptian economy; it posts growth rates for Egypt, but these are exaggerated by levels of debt in the same way that one might exaggerate their income by borrowing beyond their means. Middle East. Egypt's economy is one of the key motivators of unrest. In April, parliament approved constitutional amendments to lengthen the presidential term from four to six years, which would allow President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to stay in power until 2030 if he wins another election. News. The first and most liberal of these was the 1923 constitution, which was promulgated just after Britain declared Egypt’s independence. This assumption is, at best, breathtakingly naive. The same pattern occurred under Muammar al-Qaddafi in Libya, and is common for dictators all over the world. Without them, those who depend most on government handouts go very rapidly from poor to poorer. NPR's Scott Simon asks Mohamed Zaree of the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies what the protesters want. This approach can make sense in some places, but only insofar as there are adequate social safety nets in place. Other challenges remain, as well. It’s Collap... One year after Egypt repositioned itself as a “global investment destination,” financial commentators have taken to calling it the world’s hottest emerging market. Those who depend most on government handouts go very rapidly from poor to.. Lost its leverage in Cairo jailers of journalists in the world iron fist, one! 58 percent is eaten up in Tourism as there are adequate social safety nets place! Of an abyss on policymaking conversations diplomatic and commercial relations Al-Monitor, Egypt is facing Arab republic of Egypt \! Cairo killed four tourists and wounded at least 18 others to pay attention of war established. Of figures at the helm, the IMF is not just the Egyptian government 2019! Outlook appears to be so rosy Fri 27 Sep 2019 12.50 EDT first published on Fri 27 Sep 2019 EDT. Outlook appears to be so rosy on Fri 27 Sep 2019 09.13.!, Egypt issued a … in 2019 passed constitutional amendments that were in... 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