Among her 68 known students who made a musical career were Natalia Janotha, Fanny Davies, Nanette Falk, Amina Goodwin, Carl Friedberg, Leonard Borwick, Ilona Eibenschütz, Adelina de Lara, Marie Olson, and Mary Wurm. Clara Schumann ceased to perform any of Liszt's works, and she suppressed her husband's dedication to Liszt of his Fantasie in C major when she published his complete works. The scholarly situation is summarized by Montanari (1991): excerpts from the Mannucci diary, entitled "Per mio ricordo Memoria di Francesco M. Mannucci Fiorentino A di 16 febbraio 1710 ab Inc Laus Deo," were published by M. Fabri (1964). It was thought for some time that the earliest mention of the piano is from a diary of Francesco Mannucci, a Medici court musician, indicating that Cristofori was already working on the piano by 1698. [36] She was displeased with the little time spent on rehearsals: "They call it a rehearsal here if a piece is played through once." In her early career, before her marriage, she played the customary bravura pieces designed to showcase the artist's technique, often in the form of arrangements or variations on popular themes from operas, written by virtuosos such as Thalberg, Herz, or Henselt. Some Cristofori instruments—both restored and replicated—may be heard in the external links below. Most family members left and hid in a "neighbourhood security brigade", but on 7 May, she bravely walked back to Dresden to rescue her three children who had been left with a maid,[62] defying a pack of armed men who confronted her, then walked back out of the city through the dangerous areas again. Her Op. An image of Clara Schumann from an 1835 lithograph by Andreas Staub was featured on the 100 Deutsche Mark banknote from 1989 to 2002. The ultimate success of Cristofori's invention occurred only in the 1760s, when the invention of cheaper square pianos, along with generally greater prosperity, made it possible for many people to acquire one. The concerto began to take its modern shape in the late-Baroque period, ... Schumann, despite being a pianist-composer, wrote a piano concerto in which virtuosity is never allowed to eclipse the essential lyrical quality of the work. The strings may have been thicker than harpsichord strings of the same period, although there are no original string gauge markings on any of the three surviving pianos to prove this. More recently, Denzil Wraight, Tony Chinnery, and Kerstin Schwarz, who have built replica Cristofori pianos, have taken the view that Cristofori favored brass strings, except occasionally in very demanding locations (such as the upper range of a 2' harpsichord stop). The strings are equally spaced[14] rather than being grouped with strings of identical pitch closer together. This continued to be the rule for pianos until around 1820, when iron bracing was first introduced. On 4 December 1845, she premiered Robert Schumann's Piano Concerto in Dresden. [38], In October–November 1857, Schumann and Joachim went on a recital tour to Dresden and Leipzig. “Ada Lovelace is credited with the first published imaginings of AI-assisted composition,” Alessandrini said. One reason why the piano spread slowly at first was that it was quite expensive to make, and thus was purchased only by royalty and a few wealthy private individuals. As she grew older, she became more preoccupied with other responsibilities in life and found it hard to compose regularly, writing, "I once believed that I possessed creative talent, but I have given up this idea; a woman must not desire to compose – there has never yet been one able to do it. 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